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Adverse Childhood Experiences can have huge impacts on the mental and physical health of those who experience them, with the effects often far reaching into adulthood.

Although experienced individually, Adverse Childhood Experiences often stem from our relationships with others, and include:

  • Parental separation
  • A parent in prison
  • Being the victim of physical, sexual or emotional abuse
  • A parent with a mental health condition
  • A parent with substance misuse issues
  • Being the victim of neglect
  • Experiencing domestic abuse, including coercive control

Victims of violence are often more likely to be further involved in violence either as victim or perpetrator.  A recent survey in Wales found that individuals with four or more adverse childhood experiences were:

  • Four times more likely to be a high-risk drinker
  • Six times more likely to have or caused a teenage pregnancy
  • Six times more likely to smoke
  • 14 times more likely to be a victim of violence
  • 15 times more likely to be perpetrator of violence
  • 16 times more likely to have used heroin
  • 20 times more likely to be in prison

To break the cycle of violence we have to acknowledge what has happened in that person’s life that has led them to a place where they are committing crime.  It is highly likely that there has been some adversity or trauma in that person’s life that has not been resolved.